Explore a castle caught in the Protestant Reformation struggle for hearts and minds. St Andrews Castle was a bishop’s palace, a fortress and a state prison during its 450-year history.
Protestant preacher George Wishart may have been imprisoned in the castle’s bottle dungeon. Cardinal Beaton’s murdered body was certainly kept in the dank and airless hole. The assassination sparked the brutal siege of 1546–47, when opposing sides dug the remarkable mine and countermine into the rock close to the castle battlements.
What to see and do
Descend into the castle’s unique underground mine and countermine to get a sense of medieval siege warfare
Peer into the bottle dungeon – one of medieval Britain’s most infamous castle prisons
Marvel at the Hamilton Façade, an impressive frontage that reflects the wealth and taste of its builder.